technology for future
Drivers For New Vehicle Concepts For Last Mile Deliveries
In 2018 about 9.3 billion parcels have been delivered in Europe. With this magnitude, ecommerce has disrupted trade related supply chains and caused several logistic related challenges such as growing emissions, congestions and delays in deliveries in cities. The online-shopping habits of European consumers are a strong driver for this double-digit growth which is going on for about a decade.
Due to the trend towards online shopping in some European countries the number of parcels within the to-consumer-market has overcome the to-business-market, e.g. in Germany in 2019. This development makes it even more difficult to deliver parcels since the delivery to private customers is more difficult than to business customers: The shipments have to be delivered to significantly more and decentral destinations within cities. Additionally, new deliver options e.g. instant deliveries require a stock of fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) within the city. So, a combination of micro depots and new vehicle concepts is required. An interesting option are city friendly cargo bikes, which we are investigating in the FCCP-Project. Besides established consumer goods being shopped online like books, cloth etc. new markets are being developed, e.g. fresh food, meals, beverages, medicines and other FMCG for daily needs will provide additional growth. This trend requires often a continuous cooling chain from the producer to the consumer. The fuel cell technology provides sufficient energy to operate an actively cooled container and guarantee the required cooling chain.